The Gunain the language itself spelled Kuna prior to a orthographic reform, [2] are an Indigenous people of Panama and Colombia. In the Guna languagethey call themselves Dule or Tulemeaning "people", and the name of the language is Dulegayaliterally "people-mouth".

Guna people live in three politically autonomous comarcas or autonomous reservations in Panamaand in a few small villages in Colombia. They are Guna-speaking people who once occupied the central region of what is now Panama and the neighboring San Blas Islands and still survive in marginal areas. In Guna Yala, each community has its own political organization, led by a saila pronounced "sigh-lah".

The saila is customarily both the political and religious leader of the community; he memorizes songs which relate the sacred history of the people, and in turn transmits them to the people. Decisions are made in meetings held in the Onmaked Nega, or Ibeorgun Nega Congress House or Casa de Congresoa structure which likewise serves both political and spiritual purposes. In the Onmaked Nega, the saila sings the history, legends, and laws of the Guna, as well as administering the day-to-day political and social affairs.

The saila is usually accompanied by one or more voceros who function as interpreters and counselors for the saila. Because the songs and oral history of the Guna are in a higher linguistic register with specialized vocabulary, the saila's recitation will frequently be followed by an explanation and interpretation from one of the voceros in informal Guna language.

Guna families are matrilinear and matrilocal, with the groom moving to become part of the bride's family.

Learning the Guna language

The groom also takes the last name of the bride. Today there are 49 communities in Guna Yala. The Guna Swastika flag was adopted after the rebellion against Panamanian suppression.

Horizontal stripes have a proportion of and the central swastika is an ancestral symbol called Naa Ukuryaa. According to one explanation, it symbolizes the four sides of the world or the origin from which peoples of the world emerged. The central stripe, meaning peace and purity, is white on the official flag of the reservation, officially adopted by Guna National Congress, while yellow stripe is used on the ethnic flag it was introduced on the flag at about In the flag was modified with a red ring encompassing the center of the swastika because of Nazi associations; the ring was later abandoned.

Mola panels are used to make the blouses of the Guna women's national dresswhich is worn daily by many Guna women. Mola means "clothing" in the Guna language. The Guna word for a mola blouse is Tulemola, or "dulemola" "Guna people's clothing.

The economy of Guna Yala is based on agriculture, fishing and the manufacture of clothing with a long tradition of international trade. Plantains, coconuts, and fish form the core of the Guna diet, supplemented with imported foods, a few domestic animals, and wild game.

Migrant labor and the sale of molas provide other sources of income. The Guna have a long deep rooted history of mercantilism and a longstanding tradition of selling goods through family owned venues. Most imported goods originate from ColombianMexican or Chinese ships and are sold in small retail stores owned by Guna people. The Guna have not excised tax when trading goods and place strong emphasis on economic success.

kuna language

This tradition of trade and self-determination has been credited by many as a chief reason why the Guna have been able to successfully function independently compared to other indigenous groups.The Kuna language formerly Cunaand in the language itself Gunaspoken by the Kuna people of Panama and Colombiabelongs to the Chibchan language family.

Centuries before the conquest, the Kuna arrived in South America as part of a Chibchan migration moving east from Central America. At the time of the Spanish invasion, they were living in the region of Uraba and near the borders of what are now Antioquia and Caldas. In far-eastern Guna Yala, the community of New Caledonia is near the site where Scottish explorers tried, unsuccessfully, to establish a colony in the "New World". The bankruptcy of the expedition has been cited as one of the motivations of the Acts of Union.

kuna language

There is a wide consensus regarding the migrations of Kuna from Colombia and the Darien towards what is now Guna Yala. These migrations were caused partly by wars with the Catio peoplebut some sources contend that they were mostly due to bad treatment by the Spanish invaders. The Kuna themselves attribute their migration to Guna Yala to conflicts with the native peoples, and their migration to the islands to the excessive mosquito populations on the mainland.

During the first decades of the twentieth century, the Panamanian government attempted to suppress many of the traditional customs.

This was bitterly resisted, culminating in a short-lived yet successful revolt in known as the Tule Revolution or people revolutionled by Iguaibilikinya Nele Gantule of Ustupu and supported by American adventurer and part-time diplomat Richard Marsh [3] - and a treaty in which the Panamanians agreed to give the Kuna some degree of cultural autonomy.

Kuna language recognizes four vowel phonemes and 17 consonantal phonemes. Most consonants may appear either as short lax or long tense. The long consonants only appear in intervocalic position. However, they are not always a result of morpheme concatenation, and they often differ phonetically from the short analogue. For example, the long stop consonants p, t, and k are pronounced as voiceless, usually with longer duration than in English.

The short counterparts are pronounced as voiced b, d, and g when they are between vowels or beside sonorant consonants m, n, l, r, y, or w they are written using b, d, and g in the Kuna alphabet. At the beginnings of words, the stops may be pronounced either as voiced or voiceless; and are usually pronounced as voiceless word-finally Long consonants do not appear word-initially or word-finally.

Underlying long consonants become short before another consonant. The letter w may be pronounced as either [v] or [w] depending on dialect and position. Inthe National Kuna Congress decided a spelling reform by which long consonants should be written with double letters. Kuna is an agglutinative language which contains words of up to about 9 morphemes, although words of two or three morphemes are more common.

Most of the morphological complexity is found in the verb, which contains suffixes of tense and aspect, plurals, negatives, position sitting, standing, etc. The verb is not marked for person. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Language family. Chibchan Kuna—Colombian Kuna.Numerous languages are used by Panama's population, the dominant one being Spanish. Panama has seven native groups which speak several indigenous languages.

Before the Spanish set foot in Panama, the region was home to various ethnicities. Spanish in Panama is the first language for about 4 million of its inhabitants. The Spanish used in Panama differs from the one used in Spain. Panamanian Spanish is the Spanish version used in Panama. This version bears similarities with the Spanish verbalized in the seaside areas around the Caribbean notably Cuba, the Dominican Republic, as well as Puerto Rico and the Atlantic shore of Colombia and Venezuela.

The dialect used in Panama City features some English words to form the dialect called Spanglish. The major difference between the Spanish used in Spain and that used in Panama is that speakers in Panama pronounce the letters z and c as the letter s. The language is used as a medium of instruction in many educational institutions in Panama.

Much of Panama's Caribbean coast was inhabited by communities from Barbados and Jamaica who spoke their English variant. The descendants of these settlers have r been using more of Spanish. Despite the American presence not all the residents are fluent in the language.

Guna people

Expats are thus advised to learn a little Spanish. Many residents of Panama who work in business corporations or international firms speak English in addition to Spanish. The language is classified as the Chibchan languages.

The Kuna language is heard among the Kuna people who inhabit Panama as well as Colombia. The language falls under the Chibchan language family. The Embera language hasspeakers in southeastern Panama and the northwestern part of Colombia. Embera is a Choco language, and it is divided into the southern and northern dialects. All rights reserved. The capital of Panama, Panama City. What Languages are Spoken in Panama?

Spanish is the official and most widely spoken language of Panama. This page was last updated on August 24, By Joyce Chepkemoi. Your Chicago Citation Copy to Clipboard. Your Harvard Citation Remember to italicize the title of this article in your Harvard citation.

Copy to Clipboard. Load comments.The Kuna languagespoken by the Kuna people of Panama and Colombiabelongs to the Chibchan language family. Centuries before the conquest, the Kunas arrived in South America as part of a Chibchan migration moving east from Central America.

At the time of the Spanish invasion, they were living in the region of Uraba and near the borders of what are now Antioquia and Caldas. In far Eastern Kuna Yala, the community of New Caledonia is near the site where Scottish explorers tried, unsuccessfully, to establish a colony in the "New World".

The bankruptcy of the expedition has been cited as one of the motivations of the Acts of Union. There is a wide consensus regarding the migrations of Kunas from Colombia and the Darien towards what is now Kuna Yala. These migrations were caused partly by wars with the Catio peoplebut some sources contend that they were mostly due to bad treatment by the Spanish invaders. The Kuna themselves attribute their migration to Kuna Yala to conflicts with the native peoples, and their migration to the islands to the excessive mosquito populations on the mainland.

During the first decades of the twentieth century, the Panamanian government attempted to suppress many of the traditional customs. This was bitterly resisted, culminating in a short-lived yet successful revolt in known as the Tule Revolution or people revolutionled by Iguaibilikinya Nele Kantule of Ustupu and supported by American adventurer and part-time diplomat Richard Marsh [3] - and a treaty in which the Panamanians agreed to give the Kuna some degree of cultural autonomy.

Kuna recognizes has four vowel phonemes and 17 consonantal phonemes. Most consonants may appear either as short lax or long tense. The long consonants only appear intervocalically.

However, they are not always a result of morpheme concatenation, and they often differ phonetically from the short analogue. For example, the long stop consonants p, t, and k are pronounced as voiceless, usually with longer duration than in English.

The short counterparts are pronounced as voiced b, d, and g when they are between vowels or beside sonorant consonants m, n, l, r, y, or w they are written using b, d, and g in the Kuna alphabet. At the beginnings of words, the stops may be pronounced either as voiced or voiceless; and are usually pronounced as voiceless word-finally Long consonants do not appear word-initially or word-finally.

Underlyingly long consonants become short before another consonant. The letter w may be pronounced as either [v] or [w] depending on dialect and position. Inthe Congreso Nacional Kuna decided a spelling reform by which long consonants should be written with double letters. Kuna is an agglutinative language which contains words of up to about 9 morphemes, although words of two or three morphemes are more common.

Most of the morphological complexity is found in the verb, which contains suffixes of tense and aspect, plurals, negatives, position sitting, standing, etc. The verb is not marked for person. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Jump to: navigationsearch. Language family.The native tongue of the Kuna is the Kuna language that is pronounced Guna or Tulekaya. The new generation of Kuna all speak Spanish and some of them will be able to speak English with the tourist. We will try to teach you some Kuna words and pronounce it right so you can make the locals laugh and earn their respect.

Once you master the tourist language you might be able to break the ice with these basic Guna language sentences and words. On a role and ready for some more words of the Kuna language? Hello — Na How are you? Fine, thank you. And you? Fine — Nuedi What is your name? My name is. I am from — An. Lets add some feeling to the basics so you can express yourself and ask for your needs.

I want to buy it — An bag bie Do you speak English? Some useful words for food and drinks. Skip to content. Some Guna words We will try to teach you some Kuna words and pronounce it right so you can make the locals laugh and earn their respect.

Mola means shirt or piece of clothing. Tulemola means Kuna people clothing. Ogob is a coconut.

kuna language

Skungit is a lobster. Mor Ginnid is the liberation party day. Sahila is the villageleader. Comarca is a district.We also translate Kuna to and from any other world language. We can translate into over different languages. In fact, Translation Services USA is the only agency in the market which can fully translate Kuna to literally any language in the world!

If you need to use this translation for business, school, a tattoo, or any other official, professional, or permanent reasons, contact us first for a free quote. We can work with any budget to get you a guaranteed translation quickly and accurately! Our translation team consists of many expert and experienced Kuna translators. Each translator specializes in a different field such as legal, financial, medical, and more.

Get a Price Estimate. Whether your Kuna translation need is small or large, Translation Services USA is always there to assist you with your translation needs. Our Kuna translation team has many experienced document translators who specialize in translating many different types of documents including birth and death certificates, marriage certificates and divorce decrees, diplomas and transcripts, and any other Kuna document you may need translated. We have excellent Kuna software engineers and quality assurance editors who can localize any software product or website.

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The Guna language, spoken by the Kuna people of Panama and Colombia, belongs to the Chibchan language family. It is spoken primarily in the San Blas Islands region of Panama as well as the north coastal region of Colombia. In total, there are about 61, native Guna speakers. For blogs and small, personal sites, we offer simple, free website translator tools and WordPress plugins you can self-install on your page template for fast, easy translation into dozens of major languages.

If you fall into this category, check out our Free Website Translation Services for more details!

kuna language

How to Get a Discount? For a faster, more accurate estimate, please provide the following information in the "Your Message" section of your request:. For even faster results, contact us directly using the full quote request form. Need a language or service not listed here? Use the full quote request form. Which translation do you need? Paste Your Text Here characters max. Your Translation. Translate Now I Understand the Risk. Submit the request for professional translation?

Yes No. Translate Swap Languages Reset. Professional Human Translation Our translation team consists of many expert and experienced Kuna translators. Translation plugin for website For blogs and small, personal sites, we offer simple, free website translator tools and WordPress plugins you can self-install on your page template for fast, easy translation into dozens of major languages.

Language considerations including dialect preferences Any design or desktop publishing needs Deadline requirements For even faster results, contact us directly using the full quote request form. Submit files optional; up to 1 GB ea. Javascript must be enabled. Our rating: 4.Madote is an independent online media that focuses on the Horn of Africa in general, and Eritrea in particular.

For questions or article submissions, please send them to MadoteEritrea gmail. I work in a school for children with special needs. Anyone know of good resource where i could get this information. But if you provide your e-mail on here, I can forward it to Eritreans who speak Kunama to help you out with what you need. Just looking for basic words to help with the communication barrier as she is very eager to talk which it great!!!

Kuna language

But I need someone to do all the necessary translations. Thanks in advance. I don't know who took this initiative. Although the significance of the initiation being considered as a positive step I am wondering abhorable mistakes that I read on the text. What I have understood is the initiator did not consult Kunama elites who know their language above anyone else.

This is good evidence. Therefore please always think to share with owners of the culture. Marbati Amren. I work at a center for diversity, at out front desk we have a sign that says "Please wait here" in many languages. Would you give me the Kunama translation? Please wait here. I just compiled some kunama grammar and vocabulary.

Kuna Tripathy - Mimicry of Legendary Ollywood Singers - Music & More

It has pages with some kunama to English and English to kunama. Check it face book under kunama people and friends page a nd let me know if you need a copy. Please I need a Kunama to english, english to kunam dictionary stat. English into Kunama translator is needed. We are looking for person who knows kunama language. If you can help us with translation into English, that would be great. Please email me at boris academyoftranslation.